Protective Factors Framework

The five protective factors at the foundation of Strengthening Families are characteristics that have been shown to make positive outcomes more likely for young children and their families, and to reduce the likelihood of child abuse and neglect. Learn more about the research-based Protective Factors Framework below. About Strengthening Families and the Protective Factors Framework

Protective Factors Action Sheets

This packet includes the research brief about each protective factor as well as an “action sheet” for service providers about their role in supporting families to build each protective factor. The action sheets include what to look for, questions to ask and activities to do with parents related to each protective factor. Download the action sheets for

Building Protective Factors with Military Families

Throughout CSSP’s Strengthening Families initiative, ZERO TO THREE has been a critical partner in supporting providers to take a strengths-based, protective factors approach to families with infants and toddlers. Today we welcome a guest blog post from Julia Yeary, LCSW, ACSW, IMH-E®, Director of Military Projects at ZERO TO THREE, whose work focuses on supporting

HOPE: Filling in the Science Behind Protective Factors

CSSP's Senior Associate Cailin O'Connor provides her reflection about her work with the Strengthening Families Protective Factor Framework as a guest author for HOPE—Healthy Outcomes from Positive Experiences and explores how by both assessing the strengths of children, families, and communities and measuring positive childhood experiences,  we can work to ensure that all families and children have support to ensure positive experiences, promote better outcomes, and combat barriers tied to systemic oppression.

Coaching on Protective and Promotive Factors

This brief is a worksheet for trainers to coach workers on the protective and promotive factors. It provides an overview and ways to track worker progress through each factor. (7 pp)

Early Relational Health and Protective Factors

This webinar offered an opportunity to reflect on the importance of foundational relationships and how this work can strengthen the protective factors framework and be integrated with your implementation of Strengthening Families.

Protective Factors for Survivors of Domestic Violence

This brief provides guidance for child welfare domestic violence programs that serve both survivors and offenders, courts, and other collaborative partners about building protective factors that studies show lessen the impact of domestic violence on both child and adult survivors and promote their safety, healing, and well-being. (16 pp)

Protective Factors Approaches in Child Welfare

This brief provides a succinct overview of protective factors approaches to the prevention/treatment of child abuse and neglect. It is designed to teach ways to lessen risks for abuse and neglect. (10 pp)

Protective Factors: Action Sheets

This brief for caseworkers provides an overview of the five protective factors, as well as specific advice on how to implement each one. (11 pp)

Strengthening Families Webinar: Preventing Child Neglect by Building Protective Factors

This webinar included segments from one of the training sequences from the National Alliance of Children’s Trust and Prevention Funds’ new four-part training, “Let’s Talk About . . . Preventing Child Neglect.” Participants were also introduced to the remaining three training sequences in the series and other valuable resources related to preventing child neglect. 

The Protective Factors Survey

This brief was developed to address the shifting focus of prevention work and federal requests for evidence of effectiveness. (13 pp)

Building Protective Factors During Casework Visits

This brief provides tips on how caseworkers can encourage parental resilience, knowledge of parenting and child development, social connections, support in times of need, and social emotional competence of children.  (2 pp)